Linux has a different directory structure than Windows or macOS. The most important directory is the root directory, denoted with a slash "/". All directories and files are located under this directory.
List of directories
|This is the root directory of the file system.
|Contains the kernel and other files needed to boot the system.
|Configuration files for the entire system.
|/bin contains essential binaries and /usr/bin contains less important binaries.
|Contain system binaries. These binaries are often only executable as root.
|Read-only files, most of the applications accessible to multiple users.
|Contains variable files.
|Contain the libraries used in the binaries located in /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin and /usr/sbin.
|Contains the personal data of every user. The Documents, Downloads and Desktop directories are located in here.
|Home directory of the root user.
|Temporary files. These files are often removed between reboots.
|Interfaces to the hardware of the computer.
|Virtual filesystem that contains information about the kernel and system processes.
|Information about drivers, devices and some kernel features.
|Mount points for removable media.
|Mount points for filesystems.